Application Of DNA Profiling (DNA Fingerprinting) Technology

1. Setting up of Genetic Databank: Realising the potential of DNA profiling genetic databank has been set up throughout the world. Databases of the genetic fingerprints of criminals have been set up in many parts of the USA and Britain. Forensic Science Services, Birmingham has set up the world's first  National DNA Database where about 5 million record would be available. It has collected  samples of tissues and DNA  of suspected individuals has been frofiled.

The Armed Forces  Institute of Pathology (Gaithersberg, USA) has collected DNA samples from every member of the armed services. the samples are stored in freezers in DNA  repositories. Each sample consists of blood blots on cards, sealed in individual envelopes. A computer database of all samples has been prepared.

2. Reuniting the Lost Children: DNA profiling technology helped in reuniting the lost children with their respective parents or vice versa who were separated during war, violence or natural diseases. For example, in Argentina many people were abducted during military rule (1976-1983). They were presumed to be dead. But an Arzentinian Human Right Group(the Grandmother's of Plaza de Mayo) was of the opinion that the chilldren are still alive and adopted  by military personnel after killing their natural parents. In 1987 a genetic databank storing blood samples of grand parents and relatives of lost children was set up. By matching the DNA profile of one or more grand parents with that of lost children about 40 missing children have been reunited with their families.

3. Solving Disputed Problem of Parentage, Identity of Criminals, Rapists etc: To carry out the test a small portion of blotted blood is punched out from which b lood cells are isolated and information is taken from computer databank. The first case from preserved sample was done to identify a soldier who was brunt to death in a car accident.

In India, a disputed parentage has been solved. In June 1988 a four year female baby named Laxmi was stolen from Chennai by a missionary and renaned as Merry by the so called parents. After FIR and taking police help the matter was not solved. Therefore, the real parents went to High Court. The High Court sought help from CCMB. The scientist  performed DNA  fingerprinting tests of baby and parents (real and false) confirmed the identity of the baby and submitted the report to the court. On the basis of the report of DNA fingerprinting decision was given by the court and Laxmi was handed over to her real parents. This is the first case in India where a court has given decision based on the preort of DNA fingerprinting.

4. Immigrant Dispute: More or less in every country there is the problem of immigration.Ultimately the identity is not confirmed whether they have crossed the borders or are the resident of that country. Therefore the problem of immigrants can be solved through DNA databank